Lithium and Rare-Earth elements (eg neodymium and dysprosium) are vital to modern electronics. However, with rapid expansion in the electric vehicle market, demand for these metals is expected to outstrip supply from known reserves. Consequently, new sources of these metals must be found. Geothermal brines often contain these elements in concentrations sufficiently high for both electricity and mineral production. This project will develop numerical models to simulate the operation and economics of such hybrid operations. The models will aid in development of new carbon-neutral sources of geothermal energy that also provide vital resources for the electric-vehicle fleet.
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