The candidate should have a good understanding of the scientific issues related to urban overheating and the relevant simulation tools and methodologies like micro and meso scale climatic modeling. He/she should be familiar with the physics or chemistry and/or the thermophysical/chemical processes of materials used in the built environment. Knowledge and experience on experimental methods used in material science and the built environment, as climate monitoring, measurement of the thermophysical properties, will be highly considered.
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Cities exhibit serious overheating, even by 10 °C, affecting the energy consumption, mortality, morbidity, environmental quality and comfort. Existing mitigation technologies can only decrease the peak urban temperature by up to 2.5 °C; thus the development of advanced technologies that can provide cooling by 4-5 °C is a research priority. Electrocaloric thin films can be cooler by 12 °C than traditional materials, thus having a giant urban overheating mitigation potential. This Project aims to develop, test and optimise high-efficiency polymer and ceramic elastocaloric materials, easy to generate a driving voltage, able to decrease the urban temperatures by up to 4 °C.
High Performance Architecture
Photovoltaic & Renewable Energy Engineering